When you scrap cars for cash they should be decommissioned by an Authorised Treatment Facility (ATF). This is to ensure the vehicle is correctly de-polluted and recycled to the strict ELV directive which was implemented in 2004. When your vehicle arrives at an ATF it will firstly be examined to access the de-pollution procedure and see what type of treatment will be required for your car as every vehicle is different i.e. it may have air conditioning or a special hydraulic suspension system (such as those used by Citroen).
Once the vehicle has been accessed then the de-pollution of the vehicle can commence, firstly removing the battery and storing it in an appropriate container ready for a special process that recycles and re uses most of the battery, all the upholstery will be removed and as much as possible will be recycled with any contaminated fabrics being destroyed.
Once the interior has been stripped leaving the steel seat frames and exposing the loom the frames can be removed and put into a section for steel then most of the loom will be removed and put in a section for copper, the glass, bumpers and rubber trims will then be removed and separated leaving a bare shell with only the engine/gearbox and suspension remaining.
Once the vehicle has reached this point the fluids of the vehicle will be removed i.e. fuel, coolant, oil’s, air con gas, brake fluid and power steering fluid, they will be evacuated by means of a special pump and kept separate ready for individual treatment and disposal, this then leaves the vehicle in a near state of completion.
The engine and gear box can now be removed and the different components separated. Steel and alloy components separated, plastics removed and all hazardous material such as the clutch/brake linings and any remaining fluids removed. The fuel tank and lines will be removed as well as the brake pipes leaving a bare shell ready to be crushed and melted down ready to be sold and made into anything from a can of coke to another car.
This process recycles in most cases more than 90% of the vehicle which has a dramatic effect on what would have been very detrimental to the environment, ensuring your scrap vehicle is disposed of by a ATF is of the highest importance to ensure as little damage as possible is caused to our environment. So bare this in mind when you compare scrap car prices.